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In general terms, an augmented estate consists of property owned by both a deceased person and his or her spouse. The concept of the augmented estate is used (more...)
In general terms, an augmented estate consists of property owned by both a deceased person and his or her spouse. The concept of the augmented estate is used only in some states. Its value is calculated only if a surviving spouse declines whatever he or she was left by will and instead claims a share of the deceased spouse's estate. (This is called taking against the will.) The amount of this 'statutory share' or 'elective share' depends on state law.
Taxes levied at death, based on the value of property left behind. Federal death taxes are called estate taxes. Some states levy inheritance taxes on people who inherit property.
A seldom-used type of deed that contains express assurances about the legal validity of the title being transferred.
A person who receives benefits, under a trust or by will, for his or her lifetime. For an example, see AB trust.
A legal term sometimes used in wills that means 'leave' -- for example, 'I bequeath my garden tools to my brother-in-law, Buster Jenkins.'
The person or institution designated to receive trust property upon the death of a life beneficiary. For example, Jim creates a trust through which his wife (more...)
The person or institution designated to receive trust property upon the death of a life beneficiary. For example, Jim creates a trust through which his wife Jane receives income for the duration of her life. Their daughter, the final beneficiary, receives the trust principal after Jane's death.
Latin meaning 'in fear.' This phrase is used to describe provisions in contracts or wills meant to scare a person into complying with the terms of the (more...)
Latin meaning 'in fear.' This phrase is used to describe provisions in contracts or wills meant to scare a person into complying with the terms of the agreement. For example, a will might state that an heir will forfeit her inheritance if she challenges the validity of the will. Of course, if the will is challenged and found to be invalid, then the clause itself is also invalid and the heir takes whatever she would have inherited if there were no will.
A defendant's court papers that seek to reverse the thrust of the lawsuit by claiming that it was the plaintiff -- not the defendant -- who committed legal (more...)
A defendant's court papers that seek to reverse the thrust of the lawsuit by claiming that it was the plaintiff -- not the defendant -- who committed legal wrongs, and that as a result it is the defendant who is entitled to money damages or other relief. Usually filed as part of the defendant's answer -- which also denies plaintiff's claims -- a counterclaim is commonly but not always based on the same events that form the basis of the plaintiff's complaint. For example, a defendant in an auto accident lawsuit might file a counterclaim alleging that it was really the plaintiff who caused the accident. In some states, the counterclaim has been replaced by a similar legal pleading called a cross-complaint. In other states and in federal court, where counterclaims are still used, a defendant must file any counterclaim that stems from the same events covered by the plaintiff's complaint or forever lose the right to do so. In still other states where counterclaims are used, they are not mandatory, meaning a defendant is free to raise a claim that it was really the plaintiff who was at fault either in a counterclaim or later as part of a separate lawsuit.
inter vivos trust
The Latin name, favored by some lawyers, for a living trust. 'Inter vivos' is Latin for 'between the living.'
... [¶ 4] Four years after Harry Wayne Conley's death in 2001, Harry Wayne Conley's nephews, Albert
Conley and Colin Conley, initiated the probate of Harry Wayne Conley's estate and moved the
district court to appoint them co-personal representatives of Harry Wayne Conley's ...
... [¶5] In September 2005, the district court appointed Opal Myrvik as personal representative of
Ernest Samuelson's estate and admitted his will to informal probate. ... [¶13] Section 30.1-04-01,
NDCC, closely tracks section 2-101 of the 1990 Uniform Probate Code. ...
... [¶ 3] Following Tony Eggl's death, Donald Eggl and Janet Eggl, Tony Eggl's nephew and
sister-in-law, filed an application for informal probate and appointment as co-personal
representatives. ... An unsupervised probate, governed by NDCC ch. ...