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Charlotte Trusts Lawyer, North Carolina


Mathew W. Schantz Lawyer

Mathew W. Schantz

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Estate, Wills, Power of Attorney, Trusts, Estate Administration

Mathew is one of the founding partners of Houston & Schantz, PLLC. His primary practice area is Wills and Estates, but he also handles Elder Law, and ... (more)

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800-927-5411

Brendan G. Dillashaw

Estate Planning, Real Estate, Wills, Trusts
Status:  In Good Standing           

Elizabeth J Caviness

Wills & Probate, Wills, Trusts, Estate Planning
Status:  In Good Standing           

Cheryl R. Watkins

Estate Administration, Estate Planning, Trusts, Wills & Probate
Status:  In Good Standing           

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Graydon Miller Jordan

Trusts, Litigation, Guardianships & Conservatorships, Civil Rights
Status:  In Good Standing           

Trey Lindley

Collection, Trusts, Construction, Mediation
Status:  In Good Standing           

A Cotten Wright

Bankruptcy, Trusts, Workout, Bankruptcy & Debt
Status:  In Good Standing           

Jason Mcgrath

Business & Trade, Trusts, Consumer Rights, Real Estate
Status:  In Good Standing           Licensed:  22 Years

Danica L. Little

Estate, Trusts, Wills & Probate, Business
Status:  In Good Standing           

John C. Lindley

Real Estate, Litigation, Arbitration, Trusts
Status:  In Good Standing           Licensed:  15 Years

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LEGAL TERMS

CERTIFICATION OF TRUST

See abstract of trust.

EXEMPTION TRUST

A bypass trust funded with an amount no larger than the personal federal estate tax exemption in the year of death. If the trust grantor leaves property worth m... (more...)
A bypass trust funded with an amount no larger than the personal federal estate tax exemption in the year of death. If the trust grantor leaves property worth more than that amount, it usually goes to the surviving spouse. The trust property passes free from estate tax because of the personal exemption, and the rest is shielded from tax under the surviving spouse's marital deduction.

PRETERMITTED HEIR

A child or spouse who is not mentioned in a will and whom the court believes was accidentally overlooked by the person who made the will. For example, a child b... (more...)
A child or spouse who is not mentioned in a will and whom the court believes was accidentally overlooked by the person who made the will. For example, a child born or adopted after the will is made may be deemed a pretermitted heir. If the court determines that an heir was accidentally omitted, that heir is entitled to receive the same share of the estate as she would have if the deceased had died without a will. A pretermitted heir is sometimes called an 'omitted heir.'

HOLOGRAPHIC WILL

A will that is completely handwritten, dated and signed by the person making it. Holographic wills are generally not witnessed. Although it's legal in many stat... (more...)
A will that is completely handwritten, dated and signed by the person making it. Holographic wills are generally not witnessed. Although it's legal in many states, making a holographic will is never advised except as a last resort.

SECONDARY MEANING

In trademark law, a mark that is not inherently distinctive becomes protected after developing a 'secondary meaning': great public recognition through long use ... (more...)
In trademark law, a mark that is not inherently distinctive becomes protected after developing a 'secondary meaning': great public recognition through long use and exposure in the marketplace. For example, though first names are not generally considered inherently distinctive, Ben & Jerry's Ice Cream has become so well known that it is now entitled to maximum trademark protection.

LAPSE

Under a will, the failure of a gift of property. A gift lapses when the beneficiary dies before the person who made the will, and no alternate has been named. S... (more...)
Under a will, the failure of a gift of property. A gift lapses when the beneficiary dies before the person who made the will, and no alternate has been named. Some states have anti-lapse statutes, which prevent gifts to relatives of the deceased person from lapsing unless the relative has no heirs of his or her own. A lapsed gift becomes part of the residuary estate.

ESTATE TAXES

Taxes imposed by the state or federal government on property as it passes from the dead to the living. All property you own, whatever the form of ownership, and... (more...)
Taxes imposed by the state or federal government on property as it passes from the dead to the living. All property you own, whatever the form of ownership, and whether or not it goes through probate after your death, is subject to federal estate tax. Currently, however, federal estate tax is due only if your property is worth at least $2 million when you die. The estate tax is scheduled to be repealed for one year, in 2010, but Congress will probably make the repeal (or a very high exempt amount) permanent. Any property left to a surviving spouse (if he or she is a U.S. citizen) or a tax-exempt charity is exempt from federal estate taxes. Many states now also impose their own estate taxes or inheritance taxes.

PROBATE

The court process following a person's death that includes proving the authenticity of the deceased person's will appointing someone to handle the deceased pers... (more...)
The court process following a person's death that includes proving the authenticity of the deceased person's will appointing someone to handle the deceased person's affairs identifying and inventorying the deceased person's property paying debts and taxes identifying heirs, and distributing the deceased person's property according to the will or, if there is no will, according to state law. Formal court-supervised probate is a costly, time-consuming process -- a windfall for lawyers -- which is best avoided if possible.

IN TERROREM

Latin meaning 'in fear.' This phrase is used to describe provisions in contracts or wills meant to scare a person into complying with the terms of the agreement... (more...)
Latin meaning 'in fear.' This phrase is used to describe provisions in contracts or wills meant to scare a person into complying with the terms of the agreement. For example, a will might state that an heir will forfeit her inheritance if she challenges the validity of the will. Of course, if the will is challenged and found to be invalid, then the clause itself is also invalid and the heir takes whatever she would have inherited if there were no will.

SAMPLE LEGAL CASES

Carcano v. JBSS, LLC

... Constructive trusts ordinarily arise from actual or constructive fraud and usually involve the "`breach of a confidential relationship.'" Patterson v. Strickland, 133 NCApp. ... Trusts created by operation of law are classified into resulting trusts and constructive trusts. ...

Livesay v. Carolina First Bank

... NC Gen.Stat. § 36C-5-505(a)(3) (2007). The section was enacted in 2005, became effective on 1 January 2006, and applies to. (i) all trusts created before, on, or after that date; (ii) all judicial proceedings concerning trusts commenced on or after that date; and (iii) judicial ...

In re Ernst & Young, LLP

... Carolina. In 1996, with the assistance of Ernst & Young, Wal-Mart underwent corporate restructuring to implement these tax shelters and placed substantially all of its real estate interests in real estate investment trusts ("REITs"). ...