Hypertension and Pregnancy, Gestational Hypertension, PIH, and Preeclampsia
Summary: Hypertension during pregnancy is a serious issue that may affect the health of the mother or infant. PIH needs to be monitored and where necessary, treated to prevent preeclampsia from developing.
Eclampsia is a condition that may occur if preeclampsia is not properly monitored and treated. Eclampsia involves high blood pressure and rapid weight gain and results in seizures to the mother during pregnancy. If untreated, eclampsia can lead to separation of the placenta and result in premature birth.
Warning signs for PIH and preeclampsia:
- High blood pressure
- Water retention and weight gain
- Protein in the urine
- Abdominal pain
- Shortness of breath
- Vision problems
- Swelling of the hands and face
- Bruising that occurs too easily
One of the dangerous risks of gestational hypertension / PIH, preeclampsia, and eclampsia is premature birth. A normal vaginal delivery may be too stressful for a baby with low birth weight. This puts the infant in jeopardy of being stillborn or ending up with serious permanent medical problems. The baby’s brain, kidney’s, and liver can all be damaged from the PIH restricting the blood flow during the fetus stage.
PIH treatment a doctor may prescribe:
- Drink 6 to 8 glasses of water a day
- Use little or no salt in meals
- Avoid fried foods, fatty foods, and junk foods
- No alcohol or caffeine
- Regular exercise
- Get plenty of sleep
- Take doctor prescribed medication and supplements
- Elevate the feet a few times a day
- Schedule periodic checkups with the doctor to have the PIH checked and monitor the condition of the infant
If your baby was injured because a doctor failed to properly treat your hypertension during pregnancy, you should contact an experienced birth injury attorney such as Dr. Bruce G. Fagel, who is both a leading medical malpractice attorney and a licensed medical doctor.
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